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  • Albright, E. L.; Levchenko, T. I.; Kulkarni, V. K.; Sullivan, A. I.; deJesus, J. F.; Malola, S.; Takano, S.; Nambo, M.; Stamplecoskie, K.; Häkkinen, H.; Tsukuda T.; and Crudden, C. M.; "N-Heterocyclic Carbene-Stabilized Atomically Precise Metal Nanoclusters." Journal of the American Chemical Society 2024, 146, 5759.

  • Albright, E. L.; Malola, S.; Jacob, S. I.; Yi, H.; Takano, S.; Mimura, K.; Tsukuda, T.; Häkkinen, H.; Nambo M.; and Crudden, C. M.; "Enantiopure Chiral Au Nanoclusters Stabilized by Ditopic N-Heterocyclic Carbenes: Synthesis, Characterization, and Electrocatalytic Reduction of CO." Chemistry of Materials 2024, 36, 1279.

  • Grey, L. H.; Nie, H.-Y. and Biesinger, M. C.; "Defining the nature of adventitious carbon and improving its merit as a charge correction reference for XPS." Applied Surface Science 2024, 653, 159319.

  • Lee, D.; Singh, I.; Veinot, A.J.; Aloisio, M.D.; Lomax, J.T.; Ragogna P.J.; and Crudden, C.M.; “Mesoionic Carbene-based Self-Assembled Monolayers on Gold,” Chemical Science, 2024, 15, 2480.

  • Levchenko, T. I.; Yi, H.; Aloisio, M. D.; Dang, N. K.; Gao, G.; Sharma, S.; Dinh C.-T.; and Crudden, C. M.; "Electrocatalytic CO Reduction with Atomically Precise Au Nanoclusters: Effect of Ligand Shell on Catalytic Performance." ACS Catalysis 2024, 14, 4155. *Editor’s Choice Manuscript.

  • Liu, W.; Yang, M.; Zhu, X.; Wei, Y.; Hedberg, Y.; Zhang H.; and Zhu J.; "Intensified metallic effect and improved tribocorrosion resistance through microwave-based fabrication of metallic powder coatings." Progress in Organic Coatings 2024, 189, 108218.

  • Mortensen, J. J.; Larsen, A. H.; Kuisma, M.; Ivanov, A. V.; Taghizadeh, A.; Peterson, A.; Haldar, A.; Dohn, A. O.; Schafer, C.; Jonsson, E. O.; Hermes, E. D.; Nilsson, F. A.; Kastlunger, G.; Levi, G.; Jonsson, H.; Hakkinen, H.; Fojt, J.; Kangsabanik, J.; Sodequist, J.; Lehtomaki, J.; Heske, J.; Enkovaara, J.; Winther, K. T.; Dulak, M.; Melander, M. M.; Ovesen, M.; Louhivuori, M.; Walter, M.; Gjerding, M.; Lopez-Acevedo, O.; Erhart, P.; Warmbier, R.; Wurdemann, R.; Kaappa, S.; Latini, S.; Boland, T. M.; Bligaard, T.; Skovhus, T.; Susi, T.; Maxson, T.; Rossi, T.; Chen, X.; Schmerwitz, Y. L. A.; Schiotz, J.; Olsen, T.; Jacobsen, K. W.; and Thygesen K. S.; "GPAW: An open Python package for electronic structure calculations." J Chem Phys 2024, 160, 092503.

  • Situm, A.; Sabeti, M.; Schmidt, N.; Zagidulin, D.; Behazin M.; and Noël, J. J.; "Monitoring alterations in a salt layer’s deliquescence properties during the atmospheric corrosion of a metal surface using a quartz crystal microbalance." Corrosion Science 2024, 229, 111845.

  • Zhang, T.; Khomane, S. B.; Singh, I.; C. M. Crudden and P. H. McBreen. "N-heterocyclic carbene adsorption states on Pt(111) and Ru(0001)." Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 2024, 26, 4083.


  • Aminfar, P.; Ferguson, T.; Steele, E.; MacNeil, E. M.; Matus, M. F.; Malola, S.; Häkkinen, H.; Duchesne, P. N.; Loock H. P.; and Stamplecoskie, K. G.; "Accelerated size-focusing light activated synthesis of atomically precise fluorescent Au2(Lys-Cys-Lys) clusters." Nanoscale 2023, 16, 205.

  • Aminfar, P.; Yousefalizadeh, G.; Steele, E.; Chen, J.; Zheng G.; and Stamplecoskie, K. G.; "Photochemical synthesis of fluorescent Au (RGDC) and excited state reactivity with molecular oxygen." Nanoscale 2023, 15, 13561.

  • Goodwin, E.; Lomax, J.; Bentley, J.; Nanan, D.; Bosso, J.; Bakiro, M.; Shiu, E.; Nezamadeh, A.; Aloisio, M.; Barry, S.; Ragogna, P. J.; Crudden, C. M.; "Report on the method for the removal of NHC films cleanly from metal surfaces." Deliverable Report, Semiconductor Research Corporation (SRC), (June) 2023.

  • Goodwin, E.; Lomax, J.; Bentley, J.; Nanan, D.; Bosso, J.; Bakiro, M.; Shiu, E.; Nezamadeh, A.; Aloisio, M.; Barry, S.; Ragogna, P. J.; Crudden, C. M.; "Report on the method for the removal of NHC films cleanly from metal surfaces." Deliverable Report, Semiconductor Research Corporation (SRC), (December) 2023.

  • Huang, J.; Yang, M. S.; Xian, C.; Noël, J. J.; Hedberg, Y. S.; Chen, J.; Eduok, U.; Barker, I.; Henderson, J. D.; Zhang, H.; Wang, L.; Zhang H.; and Zhu J.; "Synergistic Effect of Nanoclay and Barium Sulfate Fillers on the Corrosion Resistance of Polyester Powder Coatings." Coatings 2023, 13, 1680.

  • Liu, J.; Sato Y.; Kulkarni, V.K.; Sullivan, A.I.; Zhang, W.; Crudden, C.M.;  and Hein, J.E.; “Insights into the synthesis of NHC-stabilized Au nanoclusters through real-time reaction monitoring,” Chemical Science, 2023, 14, 10500-10507.

  • Maity, S.; Takano, S.; Masuda S.; and Tsukuda, T.; "Bonding and Electronic Interactions of Hydrogen with Gold Superatoms." The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 2023, 128, 19.

  • Overchuk, M.; Weersink, R. A.; Wilson B. C.; and Zheng, G.; "Photodynamic and Photothermal Therapies: Synergy Opportunities for Nanomedicine." ACS Nano 2023, 17, 7979.

  • Sullivan, A.; DeJesus, J.F.; Malola, S.; Takano, S.; Tsukuda, T.; Häkkinen, H.;* and Crudden, C.M.* Synthesis and Characterization of a Monodentate N‑Heterocyclic Carbene-Protected Au11-Nanocluster via Reduction with KC8. Chemistry of Materials 2023, 35, 2790-2796. 

  • Yang, M. S.; Huang, J.; Zhang, H.; Noël, J. J.; Hedberg, Y. S.; Chen, J.; Eduok, U.; Barker, I.; Henderson, J. D.; Xian, C.; Zhang H.; and Zhu, J.; "Study on the Self-Repairing Effect of Nanoclay in Powder Coatings for Corrosion Protection." Coatings 2023, 13, 1220.

  • Zhang, J.; Wang, H. D.; Zhang, Y.; Li, Z.; Yang, D.; Zhang, D. H.; Tsukuda T.; and Li, G.; "A Revealing Insight into Gold Cluster Photocatalysts: Visible versus (Vacuum) Ultraviolet Light." Journal of Physical Chemical Letters 2023, 14, 4179.


  • Angove, E.; Grillo, F.; Früchtl, H.A.; Veinot, A.J.; Singh, I.; Horton, J.H.; Crudden, C.M.; and Baddeley*, C.J.; “Highly Ordered N‑Heterocyclic Carbene Monolayers on Cu(111),” 2022, Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, 13, 2051-2056. 

  • Veinot, A.J.; Griffiths, M.B.E.; Singh, I.; Zurakowski, J.; Lummis, P.A.; Barry, S.; Crudden, C.M. Evaluating the Thermal Behaviour of Benzimidazolylidene Sources for Thin-Film Applications, Materials Advances, 2022, 3, 6446-6450.

  • Zhang, T.; Khomane, S.B.; Singh, I.; Crudden, C.M.; McBreen, P.H.* Functionalization of Metal-Supported Graphene by an N-Heterocyclic Carbene, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2022, 126, 14430-14440. 

  • Hirai, H.; Takano, S.; Nakashima, T.; Iwasa, T.; Taketsugu, T.; Tsukuda, T. Doping-Mediated Energy-Level Engineering of M@Au12 Superatoms (M=Pd, Pt, Rh, Ir) for Efficient Photoluminescence and Photocatalysis. Angewandte Chemie International Edition 2022, 61. 

  • Kulkarni, V. K.; Khiarak, B. N.; Takano, S.; Malola, S.; Albright, E. L.; Levchenko, T. I.; Aloisio, M. D.; Dinh, C.-T.; Tsukuda, T.; Häkkinen, H.; Crudden, C. M. N-Heterocyclic Carbene-Stabilized Hydrido Au24 Nanoclusters: Synthesis, Structure, and Electrocatalytic Reduction of Co2. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2022144, 9000-9006.

  • Lummis, P. A.; Osten, K. M.; Levchenko, T. I.; Sabooni Asre Hazer, M.; Malola, S.; Owens-Baird, B.; Veinot, A. J.: Albright, E. L.; Schatte, G.; Takano, S.; Kovnir, K.; Stamplecoskie, K. G.; Tsukuda, T.; Hakkinen, H.; Nambo, M.; Crudden, C. M. NHC-stabilized Au10 Nanoclusters and Their Conversion to Au25 Nanoclusters. Journal of the American Chemical Society Gold. 2022, 2, 875-885. 

  • Man, R. W. Y.; Yi, H.; Malola, S.; Takano, S.; Tsukuda, T.; Häkkinen, H.; Nambo, M.; Crudden, C. M. Synthesis and Characterization of Enantiopure Chiral Bis NHC-Stabilized Edge-Shared Au10 Nanocluster with Unique Prolate Shape. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2022144, 2056-2061.

  • Sabooni Asre Hazer, M.; Malola, S.; Häkkinen, H. Isomer Dynamics of the [Au6(Nhc-S)4]2+ Nanocluster. Chemical Communications 202258, 3218-3221.

  • Stepan, T.; Tété, L.; Laundry-Mottiar, L.; Romanovskaia, E.; Hedberg, Y. S.; Danninger, H.; Auinger, M. Effect of Nanoparticle Size on the near-Surface Ph-Distribution in Aqueous and Carbonate Buffered Solutions. Electrochimica Acta 2022409, 139923.

  • Romanovskaia, E.; Slovenský, P.; Kalantarian, S. M.; Laundry-Mottiar, L.; Romanovski, V.; Halama, M.; Auinger, M.; Hedberg, Y. S. Electrochemical Estimations of the Gold Nanoparticle Size Effect on Cysteine-Gold Oxidation. Journal of The Electrochemical Society 2022169, 021501.


  • Wang, X.; Noël, J. J.; Odnevall Wallinder, I.; Hedberg, Y. S. Metal Bioaccessibility in Synthetic Body Fluids – a Way to Consider Positive and Negative Alloying Effects in Hazard Assessments. Materials & Design 2021198, 109393.


  • Clement, S.; Anwer, A. G.; Pires, L.; Campbell, J.; Wilson, B. C.; Goldys, E. M. Radiodynamic Therapy Using Tat Peptide-Targeted Verteporfin-Encapsulated Plga Nanoparticles. International Journal of Molecular Sciences 202122, 6425.

  • Inayeh, A.; Groome, R.R.K.; Singh, I.; Veinot, A.J.; Crasto de Lima, Miwa, R.H.; Crudden,* C.M.; and McLean*, A.B.; “Self-Assembly of N-heterocyclic Carbenes on Au(111)," 2021, Nature Communications, 12, 1-9. 


  • Zhang, J.; Mou, L.; Jiang, X. Surface Chemistry of Gold Nanoparticles for Health-Related Applications. Chemical Science 202011, 923-936.

  • Luo, L.; Sun, W.; Feng, Y.; Qin, R.; Zhang, J.; Ding, D.; Shi, T.; Liu, X.; Chen, X.; Chen, H. Conjugation of a Scintillator Complex and Gold Nanorods for Dual-Modal Image-Guided Photothermal and X-Ray-Induced Photodynamic Therapy of Tumors. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 202012, 12591-12599.

  • Veinot, A. J.; Al-Rashed, A.; Padmos, J. D.; Singh, I.; Lee, D. S.; Narouz, M. R.; Lummis, P. A.; Baddeley, C. J.; Crudden, C. M.; Horton, J. H. N-Heterocyclic Carbenes Reduce and Functionalize Copper Oxide Surfaces in One Pot. Chemistry – A European Journal 202026, 11431-11434.

  • She, Z.; Narouz, M.R.; Smith, C.A.; MacLean, A.; Loock, H.-P.; Kraatz,* H.-B.; Crudden,* C.M.; “N-heterocyclic Carbene and Thiol Micropatterns Enable the Selective Deposition and Transfer of Copper films” Chemical Communications, 2020, 56, 1275-1278. 


  • Narouz, M.R.; Unsworth, P.J.; Salorinne, K.; Takano, S.; Tomihara, Kaappa, R.S.; Malola, S.; Dinh, C.-T.; Padmos, J.P.; Ayoo, K.; Garrett, P.J.; Nambo, M.; Horton, J.H.; Sargent, E.H.; Häkkinen*, H.; Tsukuda*, T.; Crudden*, C.M.; “N-Heterocyclic carbene-functionalized magic number gold nanoclusters.” Nature Chemistry, 2019, 11, 419 – 425. 

  • Smith, C. A.; Narouz, M. R.; Lummis, P. A.; Singh, I.; Nazemi, A.; Li, C.-H.; Crudden, C. M. N-Heterocyclic Carbenes in Materials Chemistry. Chemical Reviews 2019119, 4986-5056.

  • Narouz, M. R.; Takano, S.; Lummis, P. A.; Levchenko, T. I.; Nazemi, A.; Kaappa, S.; Malola, S.; Yousefalizadeh, G.; Calhoun, L. A.; Stamplecoskie, K. G.; Häkkinen, H.; Tsukuda, T.; Crudden, C. M. Robust, Highly Luminescent Au13 Superatoms Protected by N-Heterocyclic Carbenes. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2019141, 14997-15002.

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