top of page



  • Sullivan, A.; DeJesus, J.F.; Malola, S.; Takano, S.; Tsukuda, T.; Häkkinen, H.;* and Crudden, C.M.* Synthesis and Characterization of a Monodentate N‑Heterocyclic Carbene-Protected Au11-Nanocluster via Reduction with KC8. Chemistry of Materials 2023, 35, 2790-2796. 


  • Veinot, A.J.; Griffiths, M.B.E.; Singh, I.; Zurakowski, J.; Lummis, P.A.; Barry, S.; Crudden, C.M. Evaluating the Thermal Behaviour of Benzimidazolylidene Sources for Thin-Film Applications, Materials Advances, 2022, 3, 6446-6450.

  • Zhang, T.; Khomane, S.B.; Singh, I.; Crudden, C.M.; McBreen, P.H.* Functionalization of Metal-Supported Graphene by an N-Heterocyclic Carbene, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2022, 126, 14430-14440. 

  • Hirai, H.; Takano, S.; Nakashima, T.; Iwasa, T.; Taketsugu, T.; Tsukuda, T. Doping-Mediated Energy-Level Engineering of M@Au12 Superatoms (M=Pd, Pt, Rh, Ir) for Efficient Photoluminescence and Photocatalysis. Angewandte Chemie International Edition 2022, 61. 

  • Kulkarni, V. K.; Khiarak, B. N.; Takano, S.; Malola, S.; Albright, E. L.; Levchenko, T. I.; Aloisio, M. D.; Dinh, C.-T.; Tsukuda, T.; Häkkinen, H.; Crudden, C. M. N-Heterocyclic Carbene-Stabilized Hydrido Au24 Nanoclusters: Synthesis, Structure, and Electrocatalytic Reduction of Co2. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2022144, 9000-9006.

  • Lummis, P. A.; Osten, K. M.; Levchenko, T. I.; Sabooni Asre Hazer, M.; Malola, S.; Owens-Baird, B.; Veinot, A. J.: Albright, E. L.; Schatte, G.; Takano, S.; Kovnir, K.; Stamplecoskie, K. G.; Tsukuda, T.; Hakkinen, H.; Nambo, M.; Crudden, C. M. NHC-stabilized Au10 Nanoclusters and Their Conversion to Au25 Nanoclusters. Journal of the American Chemical Society Gold. 2022, 2, 875-885. 

  • Man, R. W. Y.; Yi, H.; Malola, S.; Takano, S.; Tsukuda, T.; Häkkinen, H.; Nambo, M.; Crudden, C. M. Synthesis and Characterization of Enantiopure Chiral Bis NHC-Stabilized Edge-Shared Au10 Nanocluster with Unique Prolate Shape. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2022144, 2056-2061.

  • Sabooni Asre Hazer, M.; Malola, S.; Häkkinen, H. Isomer Dynamics of the [Au6(Nhc-S)4]2+ Nanocluster. Chemical Communications 202258, 3218-3221.

  • Stepan, T.; Tété, L.; Laundry-Mottiar, L.; Romanovskaia, E.; Hedberg, Y. S.; Danninger, H.; Auinger, M. Effect of Nanoparticle Size on the near-Surface Ph-Distribution in Aqueous and Carbonate Buffered Solutions. Electrochimica Acta 2022409, 139923.

  • Romanovskaia, E.; Slovenský, P.; Kalantarian, S. M.; Laundry-Mottiar, L.; Romanovski, V.; Halama, M.; Auinger, M.; Hedberg, Y. S. Electrochemical Estimations of the Gold Nanoparticle Size Effect on Cysteine-Gold Oxidation. Journal of The Electrochemical Society 2022169, 021501.


  • Wang, X.; Noël, J. J.; Odnevall Wallinder, I.; Hedberg, Y. S. Metal Bioaccessibility in Synthetic Body Fluids – a Way to Consider Positive and Negative Alloying Effects in Hazard Assessments. Materials & Design 2021198, 109393.


  • Clement, S.; Anwer, A. G.; Pires, L.; Campbell, J.; Wilson, B. C.; Goldys, E. M. Radiodynamic Therapy Using Tat Peptide-Targeted Verteporfin-Encapsulated Plga Nanoparticles. International Journal of Molecular Sciences 202122, 6425.


  • Zhang, J.; Mou, L.; Jiang, X. Surface Chemistry of Gold Nanoparticles for Health-Related Applications. Chemical Science 202011, 923-936.

  • Luo, L.; Sun, W.; Feng, Y.; Qin, R.; Zhang, J.; Ding, D.; Shi, T.; Liu, X.; Chen, X.; Chen, H. Conjugation of a Scintillator Complex and Gold Nanorods for Dual-Modal Image-Guided Photothermal and X-Ray-Induced Photodynamic Therapy of Tumors. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 202012, 12591-12599.

  • Veinot, A. J.; Al-Rashed, A.; Padmos, J. D.; Singh, I.; Lee, D. S.; Narouz, M. R.; Lummis, P. A.; Baddeley, C. J.; Crudden, C. M.; Horton, J. H. N-Heterocyclic Carbenes Reduce and Functionalize Copper Oxide Surfaces in One Pot. Chemistry – A European Journal 202026, 11431-11434.


  • Smith, C. A.; Narouz, M. R.; Lummis, P. A.; Singh, I.; Nazemi, A.; Li, C.-H.; Crudden, C. M. N-Heterocyclic Carbenes in Materials Chemistry. Chemical Reviews 2019119, 4986-5056.

  • Narouz, M. R.; Takano, S.; Lummis, P. A.; Levchenko, T. I.; Nazemi, A.; Kaappa, S.; Malola, S.; Yousefalizadeh, G.; Calhoun, L. A.; Stamplecoskie, K. G.; Häkkinen, H.; Tsukuda, T.; Crudden, C. M. Robust, Highly Luminescent Au13 Superatoms Protected by N-Heterocyclic Carbenes. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2019141, 14997-15002.

bottom of page